The market

80 million (2016)

Population growth:
1.2% (2014)

Second largest oil and gas reserves in the world, strong GDP growth, young and relatively well qualified population

Huge market for capital and consumer goods, financial strength, young and western oriented population with strong interest in modern and sophisticated products and technology



  • Caviar
  • Cotton
  • Pistachios
  • Dates
  • Oilseeds
  • Rice
  • Wheat


  • Crude oil,
  • Natural gas
  • Coal
  • Iron ore
  • Copper

Fiscal year:
March 2015 – March 2016
(identical with Iranian New Year)

Iran is the Middle East’s leading industrial nation

  • An energy superpower with the world’s largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves
  • With 80 million inhabitants the second most populous nation in the Middle East and the 17th most populous in the world
  • Leading industries in the Middle East in car-manufacture and transportation, construction materials, home appliances, food and agricultural goods, armaments, pharmaceuticals, information technology, power and petrochemicals
  • A regional power with major influence in the region
  • A top five producer in the world of apricots, cherries, sour cherries, cucumbers and gherkins, dates, eggplants, figs, pistachios, quinces, saffron, walnuts, and watermelons
  • Geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz; a major regional and middle power, exerting considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy
  • Host to Asia‘s 4th-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and home to one of the world‘s oldest civilizations
  • A multicultural nation comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups
  • Sustained growth thanks to structural and political reforms
  • Estimated GDP-growth of between 5% and 8% in 2017-2020
  • Dynamic institutions encouraging the establishment of companies thanks to favorable fiscal policy and major economic reforms

Foreign trade